Discussion surrounding alcohol and drug abuse often revolves around the consequences of substance abuse to the individual – and understandably so, considering the devastating effects of alcohol and drugs on the user. Alcohol and drug abuse is detrimental to the individual, but also results in substantial harm to family, friends, and society at large who are left to suffer as the collateral damage of addiction.
In a recent study, former government researchers from the UK sought to quantify the harm caused by commonly abused drugs. Ultimately, they were able to rank the most commonly abused drugs according to their overall harm, their potential to harm the user, and their potential to harm others. Although it is the only legal substance that was analyzed, alcohol outranked every other illegal drug both in terms of its overall harm and its potential to harm others.
Alcohol received an overall harm score of 72 out of 100. Of the ten drugs analyzed, alcohol was 46% more likely to cause serious harm to others and was found to result in the greatest collateral damage to society. Researchers broke down their analysis further, ranking these ten substances according to the type of harm most likely to result from abuse. Alcohol was found to be the most likely substance to result in the following types of harm: accidents and suicide, related disease, addiction, injury, family adversities, economic cost, and damage to the community.
Alcohol is especially harmful when intoxicated individuals get behind the wheel of a car. Over 15,000 people die annually in alcohol-related traffic accidents and over 40% of the total number of traffic fatalities each year are alcohol-related. Persons who commit DUI (driving under the influence) offenses are subject to severe legal consequences – including time spent in prison, heavy fees, and the inability to drive – as well as the irreparable emotional damage that comes with unintentionally inflicting harm upon others.
Drug abuse of any kind often leads to serious consequences, but many assume that because alcohol is legal it is less likely to cause harm. Studies such as this have shown, however, that alcohol is among the most harmful of substances, both to the individual and to society. The collateral damage associated with alcohol abuse is just not worth the risk.
If you or someone you care about has a serious problem with alcohol or drugs, seek professional treatment as soon as possible. The potential personal and collateral damage that could result from substance abuse is too great to go unchecked.
Video by 12 Keys Recovery
It is hard to believe that it has been almost 17 years since former President Clinton announced the nationwide initiative to set a standard for impaired driving due to alcohol at .08 BAC. According to the U.S. Department of Transportation, in the year immediately following that announcement 15,786 traffic fatalities on American roadways were caused by alcohol. That figure represents 38 percent of all traffic fatalities that year.
West Virginia adopted the new measure and has a strict punitive schedule for those caught operating a motor vehicle while impaired. Understanding that both your finances and your freedom are at stake when you drive after drinking is meant as a deterrent to those who consider getting behind the wheel.
The first time an individual gets a DUI on the roads of West Virginia, it may have been a gross error in judgement. The law and the courts, however, are no less forgiving. Depending on the conditions surrounding your arrest, you can expect to the courts to levy the following judgements:
- Up to six (6) months in jail
- A fine ranging from $100 to $1000
- Suspension of driver’s license from 15 to 45 days
Each of these punishments is meant to highlight the importance the state of West Virginia places on maintaining safe roadways free of impaired drivers.
A second offense for DUI in the state of West Virginia leads to stiffer fines and penalties. A repeat offender has shown that the first conviction was not enough of a deterrent to abstain from driving after drinking. A second conviction for DUI in West Virginia is subject to the following:
- From six (6) to 12 months in jail
- A fine ranging from $1000 to $3000
- 1 year suspension of driver’s license
- Mandatory IID (Ignition Interlock Device) requirement
The IID requirement is mandatory with all convictions after the first DUI conviction. These devices measure the alcohol on the driver’s breath before allowing the vehicle to start.
If you are appearing before a court of law on your third DUI conviction within a 10 year period, the harsh punishments associated with a second conviction look like child’s play compared with what you can expect from the judge hearing your case. If convicted for a third DUI offense, the penalties and fines include:
- From one (1) to three (3) years in jail
- A fine ranging from $3000 to $5000
- 1 year suspension of driver’s license
- Mandatory IID (Ignition Interlock Device) requirement
Understanding the severity of the West Virginia DUI laws hopefully deters individuals from taking to the roads after having had a few drinks. In the unfortunate case that you are arrested for DUI in the state of West Virginia, the services of a competent West Virginia attorney are necessary to help you navigate the legal landscape.
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And their great PSA video. Share with your friends!
Everyone knows that DUIs have a high price, both personal and financial. Not only do alcohol-related accidents kill thousands of people – 10,322 in 2012 – but they cost about $199 billion per year. Betweenlegal and insurance penalties, those convicted of drunk driving pay a high price, too –but how much?In a recent study, NerdWallet analyzed National Highway Traffic Safety Administration data on fatal alcohol-related crashes per capita in the 150 largest cities. We then compared it to our own data on insurance premiums for drivers convicted of DUIs, and came to a surprising conclusion.
Because laws and insurance premiums vary from city to city and state to state, drivers convicted of a DUI in Omaha won’t find themselves facing the same consequences as those convicted of a DUI in Detroit. However, the cities where drunk driving is the most fatal are often not those in which drivers face the most severe insurance consequences. What cities see the most fatal alcohol-related crashes per capita?
California drivers cause more than their share of fatal alcohol-related crashes, with four cities in the state in the top 10. The South also ranks high, with Arkansas, Alabama and Tennessee all contributing a city. The complete top 10, based on NHTSA data, is as follows:
- San Bernardino, California
- Mobile, Alabama
- Riverside, California
- Tulsa, Oklahoma
- Lubbock, Texas
- Knoxville, Tennessee
- Fresno, California
- Spokane, Washington
- Sacramento, California
- Little Rock, Arkansas
Of these, San Bernardino takes the top spot by far, with a rate of 0.4368 fatal alcohol-related crashes per 1,000 residents between 2010 and 2012. This is 1.5 times the rate of the next city on the list, and nearly six times the national average (0.0731). The other cities in the top 10 also see substantially higher fatality rates than the national numbers. Mobile has four times more fatal alcohol-related crashes than the national average, and Knoxville has nearly three times as many. Even Little Rock’s rate of fatal alcohol-related crashes is almost twice the national average.
How much do drivers pay for drunk driving?
Everyone agrees that drunk drivers should be punished severely. In many states, those convicted of drunk driving receive an automatic license suspension or revocation, and once they are able to drive again, they’ll pay higher insurance premiums. Nationally, the average driver convicted of a DUI will experience a 75.3% premium increase. This works out to $857.53 in dollar terms each year. The exact increase, though, varies greatly between states and cities. A driver in San Bernardino will pay about 135.06% more per year for car insurance after a DUI ($1,282.43), while a driver in Omaha will only pay 3.76% more ($45.26).
In some cases, cities with high rates of fatal alcohol-related crashes also have high insurance increases. For example, drivers in the four most dangerous California cities for DUIs see an average increase of more than 100% in their car insurance after a DUI. Riverside drivers see the largest increase, at about 140.16%, and San Bernardino drivers see the smallest, at a still-whopping 135.06%.
Every other city in the top 10 experiences below-average insurance increases for DUIs, with Tulsa’s increases being the lowest. Those convicted of a DUI in Tulsa get a 42.34% premium hike, from about $1,472.03 to about $2,095.36. That said, Tulsa has higher insurance premiums for safe drivers than some other states in the top 10. In other cases, a relatively low increase comes on top of a relatively low base rate. Spokane drivers with a DUI will pay 55.58% more for car insurance, resulting in an average premium of $1,298.96 – less than a safe driver in Tulsa.
The bottom line
Drivers should avoid drinking and driving because it is dangerous. But if danger is not enough to deter potential drunk drivers, they should think about the possible financial ramifications of drunk driving. Even though drivers face smaller car insurance hikes in some cities than others, the overall financial burden will still be hefty. A drunk driving arrest and conviction can cost up to $24,000—that’s a lot of money for one mistake.
Washington is one of two states that permit recreational use, sale and purchase of marijuana. Colorado and Washington both legalized marijuana in 2012, and each state has faced unique challenges to safely implement the law. Though Colorado has been permitting marijuana sales and purchase since January 1, 2014, Washington did not start licensing marijuana retailers for pot sales until July 2014. Experts within the state believe Washington pot shops will quickly run out of product, with many unable to deliver to the thousands of customers waiting in long lines on opening day. Marijuana sales are expected to offer a boon to Washington’s economy, though an uptick in sales may be slow due to licensing red tape.
Police Preparing for “High” Drivers
As state residents gear up for legal high times, law enforcement across Washington State are preparing for a likely increase of DUIs due to marijuana. Officers claim that marijuana-related DUIs increased after voters approved home growing and use in 2012. Now users are no longer restricted to backyard pot, and can also legally buy from local weed shops. Police fear that an increase of use due to the now-legal sales will lead to more Washington drivers getting behind the wheel while impaired by marijuana. Officials also fear that drivers will confuse the law legalizing pot with laws banning driving under the influence of the drug.
DUI in Washington
In Washington, a driver may be charged with DUI if “he or she is found to be driving a vehicle under the influence [of]…any drug…[and] starting August 1, 2012, the definition of a drug also includes any chemical inhaled or ingested for its intoxicating or hallucinatory effects.” If convicted in court, the driver may face harsh penalties including fines up to $5,000, driver’s license suspension, and possibly jail time. While the state’s DUI laws clearly indicate that drivers impaired by the use of marijuana could face charges, the Washington Traffic Safety Commission is determined that drivers get the message.
As of July 1, 2014, the Washington Traffic Safety Commission has launched a campaign warning drivers against operating a motor vehicle while high. The campaign features multiple humorous commercials that were created by the Colorado Department of Transportation in 2014 to promote a similar message. These commercials warn drivers about the charges they could face if driving under the influence. In addition to these TV spots, the Commission is working with local law enforcement to increase patrols specifically monitoring drug-impaired drivers. Training law enforcement to spot high drivers was also a strategy borrowed from Colorado’s campaign to discourage drug use while driving.
Courtney Popp, the Washington State Traffic Resource prosecutor, has been working closely with police to ensure officers are properly trained to spot a driver’s drug impairment. Popp believes that as more shops receive licenses to sell weed, the state will see a rise in marijuana-related DUIs. Right now, residents and law enforcement alike are navigating fairly uncharted waters when it comes to legal marijuana use. As legalized use continues to increase, impaired drivers will quickly learn that, even though recreational use is legal, driving under the influence can still lead to criminal charges.
DISCLAIMER: The exclusive purpose of this article is educational and it is not intended as either legal advice or a general solution to any specific legal problem. Corporate offices for Anelli Xavier are located at 269 W. Jefferson St.; Syracuse, New York 13202; Telephone No.: (315) 473-0899. Prior results do not guarantee a similar outcome. Attorney Advertising.